Detailed Flatwork Instructions
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instructions, please access the PDF Library.
Ensure that Surface is Clean:
Remove any dirt, loose debris, paint, sealants, oils, or other contaminants to produce
a clean, dry rough, finish. Also, cut or chip a vertical lip around the repair area to ¼”
depth or more. The concrete will actually look white when it is properly cleaned.
It is useful to have small tools to chip away loose concrete or clean the area with an angle
grinder equipped with a diamond cup wheel or cup stone if necessary.
Ensure that Surface is Dry and Prepared
Properly: It is important to remember that FlexKrete is a chemical
process, and although superior, is very different than waterborne cement based
materials. The area must be completely dry or use FlexPrime before you
apply the FlexKrete slurry. If the area is damp, you can use a thin coat of FlexPrime,
or simply torch the repair area dry with a propane weed burner. If you opt
to use the torch method, you must ensure that the concrete is completely dry and
that moisture will not migrate back into the repair before the FlexKrete sets
Final Preparation: Now that you have
completed the most time consuming part of the FlexKrete repair, now is a good
time to sweep up and bag all the debris. You will want to also use a leaf
blower to get all the remaining dust and grit out of the cleaned area. In
final preparation for your installation, if you want to have crisp borders and a
professional looking “full-depth-repair look”, you will want to use duct tape to
symmetrically tape off around the repair.
Mixing and Applying FlexPrime
Estimate Amount of FlexPrime: You are going to mix enough
FlexPrime to paint a VERY THIN coat that completely covers the concrete and
voids within the repair area. A simple way to estimate the amount needed
is to estimate approximately 300 square foot of coverage per gallon. (i.e.
2.5 sf. an ounce) (38 sf. a pint) (75 sf. a quart).
Mix and Apply FlexPrime: Mix equal parts of A & B
for 1 to 3 minutes, then apply a VERY THIN COAT with a brush, roller, or spray.
Make sure that the FlexPrime is not puddled (AVOID puddles /ridges).
After mixing A&B you may thin it by mixing in up to 10% acetone for easy
application and penetration. If the surface is very rough you may need to take a dry brush to thin out
any puddles or ridges. If you are priming a lot of area on a hot day, try
to only mix up enough FlexPrime that can be applied within 15 minutes. If
the FlexPrime starts to thicken up DO NOT apply it DISCARD. Allow
FlexPRIME to become very tacky before applying FlexKrete.
Mixing and Applying FlexKrete
Estimate The Volume of FlexKrete Slurry Needed: The simplest method is to
look at the repair and estimate the volume of sand required to completely fill
the void out to the tape, and then divide by 3 or 3.5 to determine the amount of
FlexKrete needed. For example, a one gallon sized hole
÷ 3.5 = A little more than a Quart of
FlexKrete (35 ounces) to 3.5 Quarts of Sand) or (A four gallon sized hole
÷ 3.5 = 1.2 gallons of
FlexKrete (150 ounces) to 3.5 gallons [50lbs] of sand)
PreMix FlexKrete: Open pail and power-mix for 60
seconds minimum with corded drill and rectangle thin-set paddle to disperse material. Ensure no material is
left stuck to the bottom of the pail.
Measure and Mix FlexKrete Slurry: Measure out the amount of
FlexKrete needed into a mixing container, then add the recommended amount of
catalyst (or less) as stated on the catalyst bottle. Do not use less than
25% of the recommended amount of catalyst - FlexKrete will not set up without
catalyst. You will need to power mix for 30 seconds. The
longer you mix it the faster it will set up. When fully mixed/catalyzed, then power
mix in 3 to 3.5 parts of clean, dry, medium to course grade blasting sand until
it is thoroughly blended. To buy yourself more workability time, you will want to
immediately pour the slurry on the repair area rather than leaving it in the
bucket. It is also a good idea to get all of the residual slurry out of the
bucket with your trowel so you can easily re-use the bucket.
The Set Time Speed: Varying the amount of Catalyst and mixing times can
regulate the set time speed. At 70 degrees, FlexKrete will set completely in
one hour using the recommended ratios. At 100 degrees
it will cure in the same amount of time with as little as 1/2 of the recommended
ratios. At zero degrees, FlexKrete will set completely in one hour using the
recommended ratio of Catalyst and the recommended ratio of FlexTemp Additive.
At 70 degrees, if you use the full amount of Catalyst and FlexTemp Additive,
FlexKrete will set completely in about 10 minutes!
After pouring the slurry out of the bucket onto the repair area, you will first
compact the slurry into all the voids, then use your trowel at a moderate pitch,
to screed the slurry over the entire repair slightly above grade. To
finish trowel, you will work in one direction, keeping the trowel at a low
pitch, and applying downward pressure using long smooth strokes as you slick off
the top. This process should only take one or two passes. As you
pull the slurry off of the tape with your trowel, you will be able to see if
your repair is close enough to grade – if not, scrape a couple inches off of the
outside edge flush to grade, then try one more pass to ensure the repair is not
sticking up too high. The toweling process is more like spackling than
floating concrete. Keep your stainless trowels clean by wiping with acetone frequently.
Remove Tape and Clean Up: You should pull the tape before the repair is set
up. You can also spend these few minutes before opening the repair to traffic
by cleaning up the area. If you have spills or primer outside of the taped
area, you can easily clean it up with acetone, or simpler yet, by throwing a
small amount of sand on the spot and using a hand stone or cup wheel to scuff it
off. Retain Expansion Joints: Concrete slabs weigh many thousands of pounds and
are designed with joints for inevitable ground movement and shifting. It is
important for installers to retain any expansion joints or movement cracks,
otherwise you may have failures of the surrounding concrete or FlexKrete
repair. Since FlexKrete sets up fast, you can also fill the joint with
elastomeric sealer right away. There are several simple methods for retaining
worry free expansion and movement joints in FlexKrete repairs.
Retain Expansion Joints: It is easiest to fill the void with FlexKrete then cut the expansion joints back in.
Alternatively, you can retain joints by inserting a spacer board, foam board, tar board, but removal can be very tricky.
Repair to Traffic
Open Repair to Traffic: With FlexKrete you should never have to leave
cones. To check whether the repair has set up, find an inconspicuous area to
touch and/or check any leftover bits of slurry. When FlexKrete is completely
hard to the touch, it is ready for traffic. On cooler days it is possible for
the top of the FlexKrete to remain a little bit sticky to the touch, even after
it is hard enough to drive on. To prevent the repair from immediately picking up tire
and road grit, you can just sprinkle some sand on top of the repair.
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